Are We in the Midst of a Sixth Mass Extinction?
Nearly 20,000 species of animals and plants around the globe are considered high risks for extinction in the wild. Thatâ€™s according to the most authoritative compilation of living things at risk â€” the so-called Red List maintained by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. This should keep us awake at night.
By generalizing from the few groups that we know fairly well â€” amphibians, birds and mammals â€” a study in the journal Nature last year concluded that if all species listed as threatened on the Red List were lost over the coming century, and that rate of extinction continued, we would be on track to lose three-quarters or more of all species within a few centuries. We know from the fossil record that such rapid loss of so many species has previously occurred only five times in the past 540 million years. The last mass extinction, around 65 million years ago, wiped out the dinosaurs.