The Trolley Problem With Science
Imagine a scientist who does an experiment, and doesnâ€™t like the results. Perhaps the scientist had hoped to see a certain pattern of findings and is disappointed that itâ€™s not there.
Suppose that this scientist therefore decided to manipulate the data. She goes into the spreadsheet and adds new, made-up data points, until she obtains a statistically significant result she likes, and publishes it.